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北京大学教育评论 - 2018, Vol. 16(2): 42-62
高等教育研究
驾驭现代高等教育系统:需要更好地平衡冲突中的需求与期望
Steering in a Modern Higher Education System: The Need for Better Balances between Conflicting Needs and Expectations

乌尔里希·泰希勒
Ulrich Teichler

卡塞尔大学 国际高等教育研究中心, 卡塞尔

出版日期: 2019-05-11
2018, Vol. 16(2): 42-62
DOI: 10.12088/pku1671-9468.201802004


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摘要 过去半个世纪中治理体系在经济发达国家的发展备受关注,本文旨在分析高等教育中治理的特点及其对学术领域的影响,通过考察一些传统模式以及1960—1980年代经济发达国家的发展、辩论与分析,由此阐释大学治理的多样性。本文首先概述治理体系所要针对的核心实质问题,之后分析当前主流的大学治理方式的优缺点。在这一框架中,学者的观点将被特别关注——他们如何评价当前的治理系统,并通过关于学术职业的国际比较研究发现予以揭示。高等教育中的治理被总结为一种关于掌控权力的分配与主流治理方式的持续性实验,这个实验的特征可以概括为寻求恰当折衷方案的一种试错,最后指出其中几点共同趋势。本文的分析集中于经济发达国家。
关键词 治理高等教育系统管理主义大学排名    
Abstract:Attention has been paid to developments in economically advanced countries over a period of more than five decades. This paper illustrates in the variety through a look at a few traditional models as well as a look at developments, debates and analyses in economically advanced countries from the 1960s to the 1980s. An overview is presented about the core substantive issues, which are predominantly targeted by the steering system. Subsequently, efforts is made to assess the strengths and weakness of the current major steering approaches. In this framework special attention is paid to the views of academics:How they assess the current steering system, can be illustrated by the findings of an international comparative study of the academic profession. The aim of this paper has been to analyze the character of steering in higher education and its impact in the academic domain. It is possible to summarize steering in higher education as a constant experimentation as regards the distribution of power to steer and as regards the dominant modes of steering. The experimentation could be characterized as a trial-and-error search for an appropriate in-between solution between the calls for "university autonomy" and "academic freedom" as the most suitable environment for the unfolding of academic potentials on the one extreme hand and on the other efforts to treat higher education similar as a production firm or a service organization usually operates. This search for a suitable in-between solution could be described as continuous, because any steering approach so far has shown strengths and deficiencies. It is possible as well to point out a few trends more or less common across all economically advanced countries. The analysis in this paper concentrates on economically advanced countries.
ZTFLH:  G649.3/7  
作者简介: 乌尔里希·泰希勒(Ulrich Teichler),男,卡塞尔大学国际高等教育研究中心教授、博士。
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