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人口与发展
残疾人口研究
中国残疾人口致残原因分析
Analysis on the Causes of Disability in China

崔斌1,2, 陈功1, 郑晓瑛1
CUI Bin1,2, CHEN Gong1, ZHENG Xiao-ying1

1 北京大学,人口研究所,北京 100871;
2 北京大学,公共卫生学院,北京 100191
1 Institute for Population Research,Peking University,Beijing 100871;
2 School of Public Health,Peking University,Beijing 100191

出版日期: 2015-05-15


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摘要 利用2006年第二次全国残疾人抽样调查数据对残疾人的致残因素进行分析。我国残疾人致残因素以后天获得性残疾为主,非传染病致残占很大比重,先天性残疾不到10%,并且具有较大的地区、城乡和性别差异;不同年龄人口面临不同的致残风险,非传染性疾病致残和创伤及伤害致残的风险随着年龄增长逐步增加。有必要制订系统性的整体残疾预防策略,针对不同年龄的高危致残因素开展残疾的终生预防。要采取措施加强全民健康意识,降低致残因素暴露水平。要加强高危人群的重点防控。
关键词 致残因素残疾预防    
Abstract:The causes of disability in China was discussed using the data from the Second National Sampling Survey on Disability in 2006 in the paper.The results indicate that the main cause of disability is acquired,and only less than 10% of all is caused by congenital disabilities..The causes have great differences between different areas,urban and rural,and different genders.At the same time,different age groups faced different risks of disability.It's found that the disability risks from non-communicable diseases and injury hurt increased gradually with the of age changing(or growing).Therefore,comprehensive systematic strategy to prevent disability in lifetime should be mapped out to cope with the different high-risk factors in different age.Measures should be taken to strengthen the health awareness and decrease the exposure in the risk of disability.Furthermore,we should strengthen the disability control and prevention in high-risk population.
Key wordsprevention
作者简介: 崔斌(1975-),男,北京大学人口研究所博士研究生,北京大学公共卫生学院讲师,主要研究方向:人口健康、卫生经济、健康保障等;陈功(1972-),男,北京大学人口研究所副所长、副教授.
[1] 裴丽君. 建立以人群为基础的残疾监测系统,为残疾人事业发展提供基础平台[J]. 人口与发展, 2013, 19(2): 84-89.
[2] 崔斌, 陈功, 郑晓瑛. 中国残疾预防的转折机会和预期分析[J]. 人口与发展, 2012, 18(1): 74-82 .
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